In this paper, It is presented that concrete-filled composite piers have large energy-absorption capacity and high strength and stiffness on account of mutual confinement between the steel plate and filled-in concrete. Concrete-filled composite columns were tested to failure under axial compression and cyclic lateral loading. Displacement ductility index obtained by using the load-displacement relation has been increased with the increment of filled-in concrete length, while it has been decreased according to the incrementation of width-thickness ratio, slenderness ratio and the number of loading cycles. Structural behavior and ductility index estimated for the seismic design showed that composite piers could be used as a very efficient earthquake-resistant structural member. The response modification factor could be re-evaluated for concrete-filled composite piers.