Flat Speaker Design by Optimization of Plane Actuator

평판 작동기의 최적화를 통한 평면 스피커 설계

  • Kim Seung Jo (Department of Aerospace Engineering, Seoul National University) ;
  • Hwang Joon-Seok (Graduate student, Department of Aerospace Engineeing, Seoul National University)
  • 김승조 (서울대학교 항공우주공학과) ;
  • 황준석 (서울대학교 대학원 항공우주공학과)
  • Published : 1999.11.06


In this study, a design method using plane actuator is developed to make new speaker system, whose shape is much thinner than that of conventional loudspeaker. Piezofilm(PVDF) is used as plane actuator of flat speaker. To avoid the distortion of sound radiated from flat speaker, the frequency response of radiated sound to be flat is taken as the design objective. The electrode pattern and orientation angle of piezofilm actuator is optimized to satisfy the design objective. The formulation is based on the coupled finite element and boundary element method. Genetic algorithm is used in the optimization process, which is useful in the optimization of discrete design variables. Frequency response with optimized piezofilm actuator is made flat enough to satisfy the design objective. For the enhancement of sound power, double-layered piezofilm actuators are also considered. The sound power with double-layered actuator becomes larger than that with single-layered actuator as expected.