The characteristics of agricultural water rights in multi-purpose dams in Korea was examined. The river system with multi-purpose dams can be divided into national river system and WRC(Water Resources Corporation) river system according to ownership of dam use rights. While the national river system have permitted water rights, the WRC river system have vest water rights and contract water rights. The two river systems have different characteristics of agricultural water rights, and therefore the water right of two system need to be unified. It is also known that water release from multi-purpose dams against water demand does not satisfy agricultural water rights.